Yagyū Village is outside the main tourist map of Nara, but the name lives in legend. Although ‘Yagyū’ may be more familiar to kendō practitioners and lovers of Japanese history, the illustrious one-eyed samurai, Jūbei Yagyū, also appears in numerous manga, anime, and video games. This beautiful and tranquil village is not so far from Nara City, and its walking trail—the Yagyū Kaidō—is one of the best walks in Kansai.

Legends of the Yagyū Clan 

Yagyū Village’s name and fame began with swordsman Yagyū Munetoshi. His teacher, Kamiizumi Hidetsuna, gave him the task of incorporating mutō-dori into samurai swordsmanship.

These were neutralizing techniques which eschewed reliance on brute force. In doing so, he founded the Yagyū Shinkage-ryū school of swordsmanship which still exists to this day. 

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His success in turn attracted the attention of general Tokugawa Ieyasu under Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Toyotomi Hideyoshi was Japan’s ‘Great Unifier’ at the end of the Sengoku civil war period and he also built Osaka Castle

Gateway to the Old Residence of the Chief Retainer of Yagyu. Nara.
Old residence of Chief Retainer | Photo by Roger Shitaki

In a demonstration, Munetoshi disarmed Ieyasu three times. Impressed, Tokugawa Ieyasu granted him hereditary status as teacher of the Tokugawa. Citing old age, he passed this honor unto his fifth son Munenori. In legend, Munetoshi also cut a giant rock, the Ittō-seki, in half while battling the big-nosed mountain giant Tengu.

His son, Munenori, later helped Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat Toyotomi’s successor in the great Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 leading to the Tokugawa Shogunate. In turn, Munenori’s most famous son was Jūbei Mitsuyoshi, the one-eyed samurai, who was also a master of ninjutsu having studied ninja arts in Iga Ueno.

Getting to Yagyū Village from Nara

There are two ways to Yagyū Village—take the bus or walk. The bus starts from JR Nara Station and then stops by Kintetsu Nara Station. The midpoint stop is Enjōji Temple. It costs ¥970 to Yagyū and takes around 45 minutes.

Nara to Yagyu (柳生) via Enjōji (円城寺).Weekdays
JR Nara west gate Stand 169:1111:4012:45
Kintetsu Nara
Stand 4

For returning to Nara, the Nara west bound bus-stop is the one just around from the Yagyū Post Office. It’s opposite a friendly kissaten diner called 十兵衛食堂 (Jūbei Shokudo). The diner is also one of the few places to sit down and eat in Yagyū Village.

Annotated photo with arrows pointing to Jubei Shokudo restaurant and the bus stop to Nara city.
Bus stop back to Nara | Photo by Roger Shitaki

Afternoon departure times from Yagyu Village to Nara City:

Yagyū 柳生 to Nara 奈良Weekdays
Yagyu-kami Bus Stop13:2015:4315:5217:30

Walking to Yagyū is actually a thing to do. Yagyū Village is the keypoint of an ancient pathway called the Yagyū Kaidō. The first part of this road is called the Takisaka-no-Michi and it goes through primal forest and small sections of open country from Nara City to Enjōji Temple. 

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The second part of this scenic walking and hiking route is the Kengō-no-Michi from Enjōji Temple to Yagyū Village. The third leg is from Yagyū to Kasagi in Kyoto. The bus to Yagyū Village always stops at Enjōji Temple. See below for more information on hiking this route.

Getting to Yagyū Village from Kyoto Kasagi

Another way to Yagyū Village is via JR West lines to Kasagi Station—a couple of stations from the Kamo interchange. From Kasagi, you may be able to get a taxi, but it’s pricey and takes around 15 min. Alternatively, you can walk the Yagyū Kasagi-no-Michi (11 km). This route includes key sites in Yagyū, a landscape of unique rock formations, and rivers. However, unless you want to walk back the same way, you’ll have to take the bus back to Nara City. 

Things to see and do in Yagyū Village

Yagyū Village is a unique experience also for its geography. It’s one of those narrow valley towns of Japan so there’s a fair bit of legging to get around. Bicycles may be available for rental from Yagyū Chaya (柳生茶屋)—a community space and restaurant—but you should check first by emailing them.

Yagyu Chaya community space and restaurant - an old wooden building under a cherry blossom tree.
Yagyu Chaya | Photo by Roger Shitaki

These are key points on the map which is also available online and you can read more on the same Yagyū website.

  • Ayataya Jizō Stone Buddhas: These are 1.7 km from Yagyū Yasaka-jinja Shrine along the Yagyū-Kasagi-no-Michi trail, or 30 minutes from the bus stop.
  • Jūbei Cedar Tree: Allegedly planted by the famous Jūbei Mitsuyoshi, then struck dead by lightning 350 years later. It’s 10 minutes from the bus stop. 
  • Old Residence (¥350): An interesting old samurai official’s house built in 1841. It’s like a little museum inside. There’s minimal English, but it has a beautiful garden.
Stone staircase along an stone wall leading to the old residence of Chief Retainer of Yagyu.
Way to old residence | Photo by Roger Shitaki
  • Hōtokuji Temple: It’s ¥200 to enter the main hall. There are interesting historic artifacts inside and gravestones to Yagyū Clan members out back.
  • Amanoiwadate Shrine and the Ittō-seki—the stone that Muneyoshi Yagyū carved in two in his fight with the giant Tengu. This is definitely the best must-see place in Yagyū. 
A lantern standing behind large unusual rocks at Amanoiwadate Shrine in Yagyu, Nara.
Amanoiwadate Shrine | Photo by Roger Shitaki
  • Yasaka-jinja Shrine: A quiet and pretty shrine. You’ll walk past this along the Yagyū Kaidō. Below is a tourist sign and the Hōtokuji pathway across the road. 
  • Hōsōjizō: A big rock with Jizō Buddha carvings. This is the first place in Yagyū coming down from the Yagyū Kaidō Kengō-no-Michi. If you take the bus to Yagyū, you could give this a skip. 

Suggested sightseeing itinerary 

Given the layout of the town and sights, the best route is to go first to the Ayataya Stone Buddhas. From there, stop by the Jūbei Cedar, double back down the mainroad and cross the Momiji Bridge to Hōtokuji Temple.

From there, it’s about a 30 min hike up the mountain to the famous Ittō-seki rock. Coming back, you can cross over the main road to the Yasaka-jinja and take the back path to the Old Residence. The bus stop is about 5 minutes back on the other side of the main road. 

Coming from the Yagyū Kaidō

If you’re doing the 9 km cross-country hike from Enjōji along the Kengō-no-Michi, it’s best to walk along to the Yasaka-jinja Shrine and then head up to the Ittō-seki Rock. Hōtokuji Temple could be optional, but then head across the road to the Historic House and along to the Jūbei Cedar. You may not have time to reach the Ayataya Stone Buddhas before the 15:52 bus. It takes at least 70 minutes there and back in total from the bus stop. The last bus is 17:30, so take your chances accordingly.

Kengō-no-Michi and walking the Yagyū Kaidō

Hiking the Kengō-no-Michi of the Yagyū Kaidō is not exceedingly difficult, but requires a reasonable level of fitness and stamina. This trail is well-marked in both Japanese and English with wooden sign posts. You can also find guided walking tours which include cultural activities and a stay-over in Yagyū Village.

Tips for happy hiking 

A scarecrow next to a plowed field along the Yagyu Kaido.
Kengō-no-Michi scenery | Photo by Roger Shitaki

Take plenty of snacks and lunch because there are no shops, including convenience stores. There are vending machines along the way and rest-rooms at key stops.

  • Don’t hike alone as there is a mountain pass hike which is often deserted, the path is narrow at times, and occasionally not so visible. Be careful as the narrow stone sections can be slippery.
  • If you do go alone, notify a friend or your accommodation and the time of your expected return.
  • Take a battery bank for your smartphone and, if it’s summer, a hat.

Setting off and the Kengō-no-Michi trail 

When you get off the bus at Enjōji Temple, walk across the road and in the direction of the bus you came on. You’ll see a steel tower on the opposite side. The entrance to the path goes down and the sign is easy to miss.

Annotated picture with an arrow pointing out a steel tower and the road to follow to the Kengo-no-Michi of the Yagyu Kaido, Nara.
The Kengo-no-Michi to Yagyu. | Photo by Roger Shitaki

In other places too, the wooden trail markers are low down on the road. Most of the trail is off-road, so if you’re heading down a main road, you’ve probably gone off course. One such place is on your first descent into the valley and the turnoff to Yagyū Yamaguchi-jinja Shrine. If you walk past a white building and a green logo saying JAならけん, you’ve gone too far.

Hiking signpost low on the ground pointing the way on the Yagyu Kaido, Nara.
Easy to miss signpost | Photo by Roger Shitaki

The trail markers clearly indicate the Yagyū Kaidō and the next key destination. In order, these are the Yagyū Yamaguchi-jinja Shrine, Nanmyōji Temple, the Hōsōjizō, and Yagyū Yasaka-jinja Shrine. 

Typical hiking signpost along the Yagyu Kaido Kengo-no-Michi on an open field and a distant village backdrop.
Yagyu Kaido signpost | Photo by Roger Shitaki

After the very small Nanmyōji Temple you’ll head off across some really beautiful countryside. The signs will point to Hōsōjizō. However, to get there requires a fairly strenuous hike up the mountain ridge and down to the bottom. Hōsōjizō is actually in Yagyū Village at the bottom of the opposite ridge. 

Annotated photo with an arrow pointing to follow the route into the mountain.
Bad signposting | Photo by Roger Shitaki

As you enter the mountain hiking trail there is only an ad hoc sign showing the way. Just remember you have to trek up the mountain, but a wooden sign mark should appear soon into the forest. Here you will encounter sections of the ancient stone path. 

Yagyu Kaido signpost pointing to Hosojizo on a mountain forest path.
Final stretch to Hōsōjizō | Photo by Roger Shitaki

However, as you near the summit, the path is only barely discernible and there is an overgrown grassy section. Just carry on up and soon you’ll be relieved to see the sign pointing down to the Hōsōjizō.

Staying in Yagyū Village 

A stayover in Yagyū is often part of a private tour. It may be an option if you miss the last bus or decide to hike the Takisaka-no-Michi and Kengō-no-Michi in one day. The following day can be sightseeing in Yagyū and perhaps walking the last 11 km to Kasagi station. 

Accommodations are more along the lines of a minpaku or small guesthouse. You can find your pick promoted by the Yagyū Tourism Association. Private bookings are mostly through Rakuten Travel or Jalan. Yagyū Minpaku, a friendly family guest house with bicycle rental, can also be found on AirBnb.

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