You’ve seen it in Skyfall and all over the media. Now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the ruins of abandoned Hashima Island — also known as Gunkanjima (“Battleship Island”) — has attracted attention for its post-apocalyptic appearance. Here’s everything you need to know before visiting this Nagasaki prefecture destination.
Where is Gunkanjima?
Hashima Island (aka Gunkanjima) is located 12 miles (19 km) off the coast of Nagasaki. Nagasaki is located on the east coast of the island of Kyūshū, the southernmost of Japan’s four major islands.
What happened on Hashima Island?
As a world-class undersea mining operation, the island was once a symbol of Japan’s rapid industrialization. Bought by Mitsubishi in 1890, the previously uninhabited island was transformed with modern buildings and conveniences. These included early examples of concrete apartment blocks and electric lighting. By the 1950s, the population had swelled to as many as 5,000 people, attracted by solid wages and a unique mining culture.
However, as coal power gave way to gasoline, coal prices fell, and many mines, including Hashima, were permanently closed. By 1975 the island was completely evacuated.
An abandoned Japanese island with a shady past
Hashima Island’s increase in popularity and status as a World Heritage Site, though, has not been without controversy. What many don’t know is that the island had a history of forced labor before and during World War II. The terrible conditions and unsafe environment led to untold suffering — along with as many as a thousand unrecorded deaths. Tour companies are often reluctant to talk about this, leading to suggestions that those in power are attempting to obscure the island’s history.
At the time of writing, Gunkanjima had no memorials to the victims of forced labor. Japan has pledged to set up a memorial and an information center in the years to come.
From local eyesore to world-famous attraction
Thanks to a total ban on visitors, Hashima Island was left to be reclaimed by what little nature remained — and remained practically untouched for decades. The eerie atmosphere of an industrial town where people seemingly disappeared mid-lunch eventually caught the public eye, and brave individuals started slowly but surely exploring and taking photos. With crumbling ruins, not to mention abandoned mines, unregulated visits were an accident waiting to happen. Perhaps to combat this danger, official guided tours were eventually introduced.
Since the Japanese government lifted the ban in 2009, the island has become a popular destination for visitors to Nagasaki and Fukuoka. To cater to demand, several companies have begun offering guided tours, starting from Nagasaki Port. Prices range from about ¥3,900–¥5,100.
Important things to know before visiting Battleship Island
If you want to visit Hashima Island (aka Gunkanjima aka Battleship Island), here are some things to know beforehand.
1. You can’t visit Hashima Island on your own
Safety first is the key principle here! It may be one of Nagasaki’s top things to do, but the buildings on the island really are at risk of crumbling. And no one knows when they might crumble, the government has mandated that tourists can only visit as part of an official tour group. Unless you’re in journalism or media in general, sorry, that solo trip just isn’t happening.
2. Nagasaki weather gets pretty rough
Gunkanjima is surrounded by treacherous waters. The sea is harsh, and even a slightly rainy, cloudy, and/or windy day is enough to set off the waves and impede visibility. Consequently, cruise companies reserve the right to cancel tours due to bad weather — even on the day of the tour itself or while you’re aboard the ferry.
Don’t worry; you’ll usually get a full or partial refund and/or something else (such as a replacement tour or a decent souvenir). In any case, just keep in mind that there’s always the risk of the tour not pushing through for reasons beyond human control. For reference, Yamasa Shipping’s website mentions that on average, the number of days in a year that tours successfully push through is around 100.
3. Hashima Island is not for the faint of heart
See the above point on Gunkanjima’s waters. More than the cost, the major obstacles to visiting Hashima Island are inclement weather and health. If you’re prone to seasickness and motion sickness, this probably isn’t the tour for you. On a particularly rough day, even those who don’t easily suffer from those conditions may also feel unwell.
I don’t get motion sickness easily, but there were several times when I felt like throwing up, and I finally did during the ride back. Having anticipated that guests might feel uncomfortable on the journey, the staff distribute towels, candy, vomit bags, and even a wristband that’s supposed to help combat motion sickness, but those still weren’t enough for me. (They don’t sell anti-motion sickness medicine, though, so bring your own just in case.)
If these don’t discourage you, then good for you, but just remember that your health is more important than any tour, however awesome it may be. In my case, it was a short but memorable experience, but would I do it again? I don’t think so, because of the bumpy ride!
4. You may be refused admittance based on your physical condition
This isn’t because of discrimination, but again, it’s for safety reasons. The tour companies we listed don’t reject reservations from pregnant women, as well as people with disabilities and chronic illnesses. However, harsh weather conditions and other unforeseen circumstances could still lead to pregnant women suddenly being barred from joining a tour.
Unfortunately the ferries are not wheelchair accessible, and Gunkanjima isn’t a wheelchair-friendly location, either. Those with serious chronic illnesses are also discouraged from joining. It’s best to inform the tour companies beforehand about any physical conditions you have, just so you have an idea of whether you can go ahead with that reservation.
Read more about haikyo (Japanese for “ruins” but usually referring to modern ones) as an exploration of Japan, past and present
5. Newborn babies and pets are not allowed on board
We’re not sure why anyone would think of bringing a baby or a pet on a tour like this, but if you’re thinking about it, don’t. While the tour companies’ FAQs don’t mention banning babies that aren’t newborns, we really don’t think it’s a good idea to take babies or small children along on a tour of Hashima Island.
6. Tour companies will make you sign a safety contract
You have to agree to follow their rules, which are basically common sense anyway: don’t join the tour intoxicated; don’t go off on your own upon disembarkation (yes, following the guide is really important; they need a license to conduct those tours so they know better) — things like that.
7. You have to pay an additional ¥310 for entrance on top of the tour fee
It’s an entrance fee imposed by the local government, and it goes to the preservation of Gunkanjima. You pay this to the tour company. Note: the prices quoted in this article include the entrance fee. For children the fee is ¥150.
8. The tour on Hashima Island is only 60 minutes long
Again, this is a government-mandated thing, and is for everyone’s safety. You’ll follow a guide down a prescribed route and stop for photo ops here and there. You won’t really see much of the island, but you’ll at least get a glimpse of the urban decay. And no, you can’t get close to, let alone explore, the ruins. Safety first, remember?
Yes, the round trip to the island takes longer (as a one-way trip is, at most, an hour long), and while this may be a letdown for some, keep in mind that there’s no other way you can see Gunkanjima. It’s not like it’s some tourist spot in Tokyo, Kyoto, or Osaka that’s easy to get to. For less than ¥5,200, a 2.5- or 3-hour tour of an abandoned island doesn’t sound so bad, does it?
9. Skyfall wasn’t actually filmed there
The island was famously featured in Skyfall as the lair of Raoul Silva (a former MI6 agent gone rogue). In reality, the abandoned island just inspired the eventual design of the film, which was actually shot in Macau. So while the reputation for villainy stands out for tourists, only external shots were ever shown in the film. The island was, however, used as a filming location for the less-acclaimed Attack on Titan film, back in 2015.
Hashima Island/Gunkanjima tour companies
All of these are licensed, so don’t worry — you’re in good hands. Depending on the comapany, you might also see tours listed for “Battleship Island”, “Abandoned Japanese Island, “Skyfall Island,” or “Ghost Island.” Note that all of the tours below leave from different locations, but all can be easily reached from Nagasaki Station, either by tram or on foot. Be sure to arrive 30–45 minutes before departure time (following the instructions for the operator) to complete the check-in process.
All tours require advanced reservations, which can be done online.
Yamasa Shipping Co. Ltd.¥4,200 per adult
Nagasaki Port (meet at window no. 7, Nagasaki Port Terminal Bldg.)
Tram line 1 to Ohato or a 15-minute walk from Nagasaki Station
Yamasa Shipping Co. Ltd. runs two tours daily, departing at 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. Tours last a total of 2.5 hours (including ferry travel). At ¥4,200 for adults (those aged 15 and above), it’s the priciest among the three options, although there are discounts for children and groups.
There’s a quick explanation in English, but most of the tour is conducted in Japanese. If you’re keen for a full experience, they offer an interpreter service in English, Chinese, and Korean. This service, which is facilitated through the Nagasaki Interpreter-Guide Association, costs ¥5,000 for one person (with reductions for additional people) and must be reserved three days in advance.
Some things to take note of:
- Children aged 6 and younger are not allowed to explore Gunkanjima, so they will have to wait behind with a parent or guardian on the boat for the duration of the tour.
- Yamasa has an on-board AED, but it asks those with chronic illnesses not to join the tour. In case of emergencies, they could call a medical helicopter, but it still can’t land on the island in harsh weather.
The Gunkanjima Concierge Company¥5,000 per adult (includes entry to the Gunkanjima Digital Museum)
Tokiwa Port (meet at the Gunkanjima Digital Museum)
Tram line 5 to O-Urakaigandori (30 min from Nagasaki Station + 1 transfer)
Offering a tour experience that rather dramatically claims to transcend time and space, the Gunkanjima Concierge Tour is another option. What enables such claims, you ask? Well the day includes not only your boat tour and island walk, but a trip to the Gunkanjima Digital Museum. This means the tours are a little longer than the others. But it doesn’t mean any extra time on the actual island.
There are two tours: one at 9 a.m. (finishing around 1:15 p.m.) or at noon (finishing around 4:20 p.m.). If you’re pressed for time, you can likely skip the digital museum visit, which is slotted into an hour before boarding, as you can visit the museum after or the following day. The museum is pretty cool and includes VR experiences, projection mapping, and interviews with people from the island along with items, photos, and a short film.
Tickets for these tours cost ¥5,000 for adults with discounts for kids of varying ages and groups of varying numbers. This is a little higher than elsewhere, but that museum is a not-so-cheap ¥1,800 per person, so it’s a pretty good deal. There is a 10% price increase on weekends and holidays, and a significant jump to ¥8,000 for specific un-named days, so keep that in mind when booking.
The tours have audio guides for foreigners as the tours are conducted in Japanese. If your tour gets canceled, they’ll take you to an area from where you can see Hashima Island, but they boast an impressive 94% landing rate and a 91% departure rate.
Gunkanjima Cruise¥3,600 per adult
Motofune Pier (11-22 Motofunamachi, Nagasaki City)
Tram line 1 to Ohato or a 15-minute walk from Nagasaki Station
A simpler service, Gunkanjima Cruise tours don’t have English guides but do have the cheapest prices by far — costing just ¥3,600 for adults. These tours run at 9:10 a.m. and 2 p.m., take around 3 hours in total, and include the same tour of the island as all the others. Cruises depart from Motofuna Pier, which is a short walk from the Ohato tram stop. Be sure to arrive at least 20 minutes before departure for pre-departure procedures such as registration and payment.
Getting to Nagasaki
Visiting Gunkanjima requires first getting to Nagasaki. There are few international flights to Nagasaki, but they’re not cheapo options, so let’s focus on the affordable ways to get there. If you’re coming from another country, it’s best to land somewhere else in Japan, then take a domestic flight, bus, or trains.
Flying to Nagasaki
If you want to go even cheaper than that, go for the budget airlines. Starting around ¥4,000 one-way, Peach Air flies to Nagasaki from Osaka’s Kansai International Airport. The journey is just over an hour.
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Alternatively, you can fly to Fukuoka via Peach or Jetstar from Kansai (about 1 hour, also for around ¥4,000 one-way for Peach) or Tokyo (about 2 hours, starting at around ¥5,000 one-way), then take a 2-hour bus (for about ¥2,500) to Nagasaki.
See our article on getting to and from Nagasaki Airport for more.
The New Nishikyushu Shinkansen
In September 2022, the brand new Nishikyushu Shinkansen line will begin service between Fukuoka and Nagasaki. The train will cut 30 minutes from the inter-city travel time, reducing it to 1.5 hours, but will not immediately be connected to the nationwide network. This means there will be a quick transfer needed at Takeo Onsen. Fares are not yet out, but it’s something to keep in mind if the you’re planning to fly to Fukuoka.
Make sure you have the right island
We’ve seen quite a few mis-spellings online for Hashima. The most common is “Nashima”. Presumably people are getting it confused with the famous art island of Naoshima.
While we do our best to ensure it’s correct, information is subject to change. This post was first published in March, 2015. Last updated in September, 2022.