Hiking the Historical Nakasendo Trail from Magome to Tsumago

Chris Kirkland

Explore a section of the Nakasendo trail and visit two charming towns along the way…

Tsumago juku Nakasendo
Photo by Twang_Dunga used under CC

The Nakasendo trail (中山道 – literal translation “middle mountain way”) is the old route that connected Tokyo and Kyoto during the Edo period. The section of the trail that winds through the Kiso Valley passes through two exceptionally pretty and well-preserved old Japanese towns—Magome and Tsumago, and makes for a nice day trip from Nagoya or as part of rustic retreat for a few of days.

Three Traveller-Friendly Tips

The hike is a pretty easy one, but here are some ideas to make it a little easier, from sending your bags on ahead to keeping connected.

Magome Trail Nakasendo
Photo by Balazs Szanto used under CC

1. Heels or hiking boots?

The hike is a gentle 5 miles (8km) with only slight elevation change, and should take a leisurely 3-4 hours. No special footwear or equipment is necessary; comfortable flat-soled shoes (no heels!) like sneakers should be fine. There’s a nice tea house rest stop and public toilets along the way so plenty of opportunities for a rest.

Ninja Wifi is the biggest provider of rental pocket wifi devices to international visitors coming to Japan. They also have the most pick-up points. click here for details
 Suggested Activity 

2. Fast, Free Wifi En-route

There’s a free wifi rest stop at the top of the hill as you leave Magome, which allows you to connect up to 20 times per day, but for only 15 minutes each time. In the video above myself and Andres from Boutique Japan test it out. This is great for last minute route changes, checking into your hostel ahead of time or getting some last minute podcast downloads to keep you occupied.

3. Luggage Forwarding

A local service offers a handy baggage forwarding service at either town. You can drop your baggage off at the information center between 8.30am and 11.30am and for ¥500 (per item) they’ll forward your item(s) to the other town’s information centre. Keep in mind that this service is only available from mid-March to late November.


Magome-juku: A charming starting point

Magome (馬籠 “horse and basket”) is the 43rd of 69 old post towns in the city of Nakatsugawa. It’s a beautifully preserved old town situated on hillside, along a winding cobble path which takes you up to the Nakasendo path to Tsumago.



Nakasendo trail hike
Photo by chris kirkland

The town was also the final of 11 stops on the kisoji, a route that preceded the Nakasendo and ran through the Kiso Valley. You’ll find delightful little eateries, snacks and souvenirs shops, and ryokan (Japanese inns) along the path, so before you start the hike be sure to take your time and sample some of Magome’s wares. One of the highlights is the section of restored houses which stretch along the sloped main street of the town. Once you reach the top of the cobbled road, take stock of the view and continue along the sign posted Nakasendo path to Tsumago.

Magome Town Highlights

With a number of museums and restored buildings, the town is great for a relaxing stroll with plenty of cafes and food-stands to tempt you in along the way.

Magome Water Wheel
Photo by Balazs Szanto used under CC

Home to Japanese Literary author Shimazaki Toson, the town has a memorial museum to his life in the original principal inn and he’s buried in the local cemetery. Close to the museum is Eiheiji temple, which is mentioned in his popular novel Yoake Mae (Before the Dawn). There’s the wooden Masugata waterwheel and a watchtower guarding the entrance to the town as well as a carefully recreated signboard from the days of the Tokugawa Shogunate with the town’s rules – banning Christians and sentencing tree-fellers to death. There are a series of small museums including the Magome Wakihonjin, the Tsuchimaya Shiryokan and the Shimizuya Shiryokan although English information is limited.

Accommodation Options in Magome

Assuming you are keen to go traditional on your hike, there are a few friendly places to choose from in Magome.

Magome Twilight
Photo by Big Ben in Japan used under CC

Guesthouse Gaku Magome is an afforable hostel option with an old-town feel. It’s located in the old Magomefurusato school and has incredible views of mount Ena from all rooms. Theres a shared kitchen, free wifi throughout and they offer luggage storage too. The dorm rooms start from ¥5,000 and offer comfy beds, in capsule or bedroom-style rooms.



Alternatively, the popular Guesthouse Nedoko offers a stylish yet traditional feel with tatami rooms, futon beds and a chilled-out feel. Located close to the Toson Memorial Museum in the middle of town, the guesthouse has wifi throughout, air-con, a shared kitchen and a continental breakfast available too. You can choose from dorms costing ¥3,500 or private rooms which start from ¥10,000, including breakfast.


The Hike: Cedar Trees, Irori and Shiba

Nakasendo trail hike
Photo by chris kirkland

The trail continues from Magome through the light cedar (sugi) forest, and about halfway through there’s a nice little rest stop, featuring a traditional irori (Japanese sunken hearth). It also features a very friendly local gentleman who will serve you green tea and likely burst into traditional song.

Further along the path, there are numerous traditional wooden houses, and a small amount of village industry. You’ll also be greeted by one or two furry locals, like this little guy:

Such Doge
Shiba dog | Photo by chris kirkland

If you want to stay in one of the towns and make a day-trip to the other, you can hike both ways or catch a bus on the way back. The bus times are available here with further links to the original timetables, although these are in Japanese. There are usually four buses a day in each direction, although between April 27th – May 6th and July 6th – August 31st 2019, there’s an extra bus at around 9am.

Rain or Shine: Weather on the Nakasendo Trail

While Japan’s famous four seasons are a little milder in the center of Honshu, they still affect your walking plans to a degree.

Tsumago in the Snow
Photo by Bong Grit used under CC

Spring and Autumn are the best times as you have mild temperatures and beautiful seasonal changes to admire on the journey. In Summer, temperatures can reach up to 30+ degrees centigrade, so you’ll need to carry plenty of water, sunscreen and take your time. In Winter, the the snow transforms the towns into stunning scenes, but the ice can make the path dangerous. Snowshoes are reccomended for some of the sections and good walking boots are required throughout to ensure you don’t slip – with poles or chains suggested for some sections.

Tsumago-juku: An equally-charming end-point

Eventually the path reaches Tsumago (妻籠 “wife and basket”), which is a truly enchanting village of traditional Japanese wooden houses, shops and ryokan.

tsugamo street -Nakasendo trail hike
Photo by chris kirkland

As the 42nd town on the trail, it was also the tenth on the Kisoji trail, and is packed full of history. In 1968, the community began a retsoration project and around 20 homes had been transformed in around 3 years. After that a charter was created to protect the homes in the town, and it was later assigned the status of Nationally Designated Architectural Preservation Site.

Tsumago Town Highlights

The town’s dedication to preservation means there are plenty of things to see in this small town. The Nagiso Museum of History shows the restoration of the town, there’s the ruins of the Tsumago Castle and the unusual Rurisan Kotoku-ji Temple which dates back to 1500. Much like Magome, it has a row of restored homes along the central road, which is pretty photogenic to say the least.

Once again, there are plenty of souvenirs to be had, many local crafts/craftsmen—including a tailor making rather impressive flared trousers, the kind Elvis (should he still be alive) would wear to a rave. For lunch/eats, Yoshimura Soba serves a selection of cold/hot soba dishes (the buckwheat flour is milled and kneaded into noodles on premises). And for dessert there’s a rather old school matcha tea shop across the road for Japanese tea and Japanese sweets.

Accommodation Options in Tsumago

takimi house exterior - nagano ryokan
Photo by chris kirkland

For an excellent value deluxe experience, we recommend Takimi House, a rustic and family-run onsen/ryokan—only a short drive from Tsumago. Takami House will drop you off and pick you up at either end of the hike, plus the private onsen makes for a great soak at the end of the trip. It’s midrange pricing, but with your own personal chef, onsen and the whole setting it’s hard to beat the price.


Getting there

Nagiso Station Nakasendo
Photo by Inunami used under CC

Coming from Nagoya to Nakatsugawa, the Rapid train takes 1hr 15mins and costs ¥1,320 while the “Wide View Shinano” train takes 45mins and costs ¥2,500 if you book a non-reserved seat. You can then catch the bus to Magome, which takes about 25 minutes and costs just over ¥500.

(Alternatively if you stay at the recommended lodgings in Tsumago, continue on a local train to Nagiso, and Takimi House will pick you up from the station.)

For the return journey, there’s a 15min bus (or 45min walk) from Tsumago to Nagiso from which you can catch a local train to Nakatsugawa and then change to an express back to Nagoya.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do you get to Magome?

Tp get to Magome, you can catch the train from Nagoya to Nakatsugawa. The fastest options – the Wide View Shinano, takes 45 minutes and costs ¥2,500. The regular rapid train takes an hour and 15 minutes and costs ¥1,320. From Natasugawa you can catch a local bus to Magome which takes 25 minutes and costs just over ¥500.

2. How do you get to Tsumago?

To reach Tsumago, you need to catch a 15-minute local bus from Nagiso. If you’re travelling from Nagoya, some of the Wide View Shinano trains continue on to Nagiso, adding a couple of extra hundred yen to the ticket price. Otherwise, you can catch a local train from Nakatsugawa which takes just under 20 minutes.

3. Where can you stay in Tsumago?

In Tsumago we reccommend the lovely Takimi House – a small lodging with a friendly host and traditional style. For more details check the section above.

4. When’s the best time to hike the Nakasendo Trail

While this section of the trail can be hiked throughout the year, Spring and Autumn are the best times. Not only are the temperatures mild, there are cherry blossoms or Autumn leaves to admire on the journey.

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Filed under: Things to Do
Tags: Day Trip, Featured, Getaway, Hike, Hiking
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