Golden Week is nearly upon us, and in 2021 the holidays span over 10 days! If you’re in Kyoto, here’s how to have a great staycation instead of escaping on a pricey flight.

Everyone loves a holiday, and Golden Week is one of the biggest in Japan—perfect for visiting hometowns or going on an adventure abroad. GW is a 10-day mega-holiday—technically Monday and Friday aren’t days off, but really, who wouldn’t take those off when you’ve already got Tuesday through Thursday off? Unfortunately, since everyone has the same idea at the same time, flight prices routinely skyrocket, Shinkansen seats are sold out and even the nightbuses are filled. Vacation time is hard to come by in Japan; the work culture is unhealthy and taking actual vacation days is frowned upon, so with the opportunity for an enforced break, most jump at the chance. While this is a lovely turn of events for the locals, visitors from outside Japan may find a wrench thrown in their holiday plans thanks to thick crowds and higher traveling costs.

So what exactly is Golden Week?

A series of four national holidays clustered together, Golden Week is known as Ogon Shukan (黄金周) in Japanese. While there’s no actual gold involved, the name reflects the good fortune of cluster of national days, with a slightly less prosperous silver week falling in September. The annual holidays that make up golden week are as follows:

  • April 29th – Showa Day (celebration of previous Emperor’s birthday)
  • May 3rd – Constitution Memorial Day
  • May 4th – Greenery Day
  • May 5th – Children’s Day

Beginner’s tips for enjoying Golden Week

  • Travel is going to be worse at the beginning and end of the trip as everyone leaves and returns. This is obvious, we know, but try to plan things in the middle if you can and it should help with avoiding (some) of the crowds.
  • While most national holidays mean reduced public transport, it’s the opposite during Golden Week when it comes to bullet trains and long-distance travel. Be sure to check timetables though, most local services will probably be running on the ‘Sunday and Public Holiday’ schedule on official national holiday days.
  • Most sightseeing places will be open, however. For example, museums and parks which are usually closed on, say, a Tuesday, will remain open if that Tuesday is a national holiday and defer their day off instead.
  • Most people go to their hometown during Golden Week or take a family holiday within the country, but many (pre-corona) opt to travel abroad. This means flight costs are super high, so you might want to stick around a bit longer.
  • Many hospitals and health clinics will be closed along with banks and other everyday services, so take precautionary measures (like taking plenty of cash out in advance) should you run into trouble.
  • If you really need to be somewhere, we suggest an unreserved bullet train seat and a willingness to stand. It won’t be fun, but you’ll get there.

What to do if you’re in Kyoto:

Golden Week in Kyoto is a weird mix of comings and goings. As a big city there is a high number of workers from other prefectures who will return to their hometowns, but also a lot of Kyotoites who will be heading back, not to mention the sightseers. All in all, it will be busy. If you’re living there or just visiting, this isn’t too big of a deal, you just have to plan a little more carefully and think of some good alternatives for when it all gets too much. Here are three ways to make it a truly golden week:

Suggested Activity
Brunch at Nishiki Market in Kyoto
Start your day the right way -- with a delicious brunch in "Kyoto's kitchen", also known as Nishiki Market. The market has a long history, going back more than 400 years. ...

1. Explore quieter corners of the city

Rakan sculptures
Otagi Nenbutsu Temple | Photo by

Kyoto is home to over a thousand temples (literally), and while there are some really big names like Kinkakuji and Kiyomizudera, there are plenty of lovely smaller spots too. If you don’t mind some walking, head up to Chorakuji, a temple in the Higashiyama district, behind Gion. The trails climb above the city offering views across Kyoto, with lanterns lit each summer to guide you back down in the evening.

In Arashiyama, you can head out to Otagi Nenbutsu Temple, a statue-filled, moss-covered spot around a 40-minute walk from the bamboo forest. With around 1,200 individually carved statues, the temple’s inhabitants may seem old, but if you look a little closer you’ll see some unusual additions. Carved by visitors alongside head priest Kocho Nishimura, each rakan statue has a different character. You can stop off at the Adashino Nenbutsu Temple and walk up the Saga Toriimoto preserved street on your way to the temple.

If you realllllllly don’t like people and do like planning ahead, then Saihoji is the temple for you. One of the oldest temples associated with Zen Buddhism, it’s known as the moss temple and is over 1,200 years old. To visit, you’ll need to apply in writing well in advance, and pay ¥3,000 on arrival. Despite this, they do still get quite a few applicants, but far fewer than anywhere else.

2. Enjoy the events

Taking advantage of the holidays, traditional and more contemporary events will be held throughout Golden Week across Japan. Starting on May 1st, the Kamogawa Odori will begin, offering a chance to see the geiko and maiko (the geisha of Kyoto) perform in full. On May 3rd, Shimogamo-jinja will have a display of horseback archery in the middle of the shrine’s forest—an unusual chance to see some very impressive skills.

Kyoto geisha
Photo by

If you fancy combining a day trip with something more unusual, head to the Kemari Festival in Nara—an ancient ball sport practiced in full costume on April 29th. From the 3rd to the 5th there’s also the Heijokyo Tempyo Sai festival—a traditional display of costumes, banquets and street performances from May 3rd to the 5th.

3. Get out of town

Amanohashidate | Photo by

So the best way to deal with a busy place is to . . . leave it? Yeah, we think so. There are plenty of great day trips from Kyoto that use local trains and won’t be too busy, so you can head on out without much planning. Famous spots like Nara (filled with deer and daibutsu) and Osaka (a foodie haven) will likely be pretty busy, but are still under an hour away and great to see if you’re just visiting.

Since the weather is pretty nice in early May, you can head to some of our top summer day trip destinations like Amanohashidate. A sandy beach stretching across the Miyazu Bay, it’s known as the bridge to heaven thanks to a special angle you can only achieve if you put your head between your legs.

Alternatively, head out to mount Hiei to see the Enryakuji temple complex and enjoy the refreshing cool of the forest. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the temple can be reached by hiking or ropeway, depending on how much you fancy mixing the cool forest feel with the sweaty hiking feel. Omihachiman is also a great alternative—nicknamed the Venice of Japan thanks to its canal ways, there’s a relaxing charm and plenty of museums.

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